Domestic Management of Pacific Bluefin Tuna Fisheries in the U.S.
Similar to the situation on the international level, U.S. management of Pacific bluefin is much newer and more cursory than that of Atlantic bluefin. This can be attributed to the relative youth of the fishery and the fact that Pacific bluefin are not considered to be overfished.
Though both Pacific and Atlantic bluefin fall under the jurisdiction of NOAA Fisheries, Pacific bluefin are managed by one of the regional councils (the Pacific Fishery Management Council), while Atlantic bluefin are managed by an office within NOAA headquarters. Northern bluefin are formally included in the Fishery Management Plan for U.S. West Coast Fisheries for Highly Migratory Species, adopted in 2004. At this point, the only regulation specific to bluefin is a 10-fish bag limit for recreational anglers fishing off California. Catch reporting is also required.